Control of Oral Human Papillomavirus (HPV) by Medicinal Mushrooms, Trametes versicolor and Ganoderma lucidum: A Preliminary Clinical Trial
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This preliminary randomized study investigated the efficacy of medicinal mushrooms, Trametes versicolor (TV), Ganoderma lucidum (GL), and Laetiporus sulphureus (LS), on the clearance of oral human papillomavirus (HPV, serotypes 16 and 18). Among 472 patients who underwent oral swabs for gingivitis, 61 patients were positive for HPV16 or HPV18. Twenty patients were included in group 1 (LS) and 41 patients were included in group 2 (TV+GL) for 2 months. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for HPV was performed at inclusion and after 2 months. In group 1, the clearance was equal to 5% after 2 months of treatment. In group 2, the clearance was equal to 88% (P<0.001). The detection of HPV16 or HPV18 could become relevant in routine since positivity is frequent and because a harmless and costless treatment may exist. The use of TV+GL for the clearance of oral HPV deserves further investigation.
https://med.uth.edu/obgyn/files/2014/10 ... r-2014.pdfPreliminary results from this pilot study confirm our previous preclinical findings that AHCC appears to be effective for eradication of HPV infections. Further investigation in a formal phase II randomized placebo controlled study is being planned
http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/ ... 9e72b.html
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1 ... 4E0.f02t01Summary
Fve is a fungal protein isolated from the golden needle mushroom Flammulina velutipes and has previously been reported to trigger immunological responses in both mouse and human lymphocytes. In this study, we evaluated the potential application of Fve as an adjuvant for tumour immunotherapy and examined the underlying mechanism(s). When the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 E7 oncoprotein was used as a model antigen, mice coimmunized with HPV-16 E7 and Fve showed enhanced production of HPV-16 E7-specific antibodies as well as expansion of HPV-16 E7-specific interferon (IFN)-γ-producing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells as compared with mice immunized with HPV-16 E7 alone. Tumour protection assays showed that 60% of mice coimmunized with HPV-16 E7 plus Fve, as compared with 20% of those immunized only with HPV-16 E7, remained tumour-free for up to 167 days after challenge with the tumour cells. Tumour therapeutic assays showed that HPV-16 E7 plus Fve treatment significantly prolonged the survival of tumour-bearing mice as compared with those treated only with HPV-16 E7. In vivo cell depletion and adoptive T-cell transfer assays showed that CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and IFN-γ played critical roles in conferring the antitumour effects. Interestingly, Fve could stimulate the maturation of splenic dendritic cells in vivo and induce antigen-specific CD8+ T-cell immune responses. In summary, Fve has potent adjuvant properties that enhance T helper type 1 antigen-specific humoral and cellular immune responses which confer strong antitumour effects. The use of Fve as an adjuvant could be an attractive alternative to the current vaccination strategy for cancer immunotherapy.
http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/ ... 8ce6b.htmlIn this study, we investigated the effects of the aqueous extracts of Lingzhi or Reishi medicinal mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum, obtained from three localities (China; and Morelos and Michoacan, Mexico) on cervical cells transformed by human papillomavirus (HeLa and SiHa) and C-33A cancer cells. The cells were plated in DMEM medium supplemented, and were incubated in the presence of different concentrations of G. lucidum for 24 h. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT colorimetric assay and viability by trypan blue assay. Inhibitory dose was determined (IC50) of the three different extracts of G. lucidum in the culture cell lines mentioned above. The apoptosis process was confirmed by nuclear DNA fragmentation and the cell cycle was determined by flow cytometry. The results showed that aqueous extracts G. lucidum obtained from three localities produced inhibition in the proliferation of VPH transformed cells; they also induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in HeLa, SiHa, and C-33A cancer cells. Therefore, it was found that aqueous extracts G. lucidum obtained from three different locations produced inhibitory effect on cancer cells and may have a potential therapeutic use for the prevention and treatment of this disease.